Originally published in 1926, this textbook was aimed at first-year undergraduates studying physics and chemistry, to help them become acquainted with the concepts and processes of differentiation and integration. Notably, a prominence is given to inequalities and more specifically to inequations, as reflected in the syllabus and general practice of the time. The book is divided into four parts: 'Number', 'Logarithms', 'Functions' and 'Differential and integral calculus'. Appendices are included as well as biographical notes on the mathematicians mentioned and an index of symbols. A self-contained and systematic introduction on mathematical analysis, this book provides an excellent overview of the essential mathematical theorems and will be of great value to scholars of the history of education.