OverviewThis text provides a cased-based approach to clinical exercises practice for students and therapists delivering exercise as therapy. The text is divided into two sections: Section One is a review of current scientific literature supporting the use of exercise as therapy in clinical and specialised populations. Section Two is a series of case studies in clinical exercise practice highlighting the current challenges and complexities of clinical practice - including ethical problems facing clinical exercise practitioners as well as the physiological effects of therapeutic exercise concurrent with illness or injury. Key features: Cased-based approach focusing on clinical exercise; Multiple case studies comprehensively worked through with summary boxes and discussion questions; Case studies are presented in familiar clinical note-taking format (SOAP: subjective, objective, assessment, plan) where appropriate. Appendices include diagnostic criteria for clinical conditions, guidelines for clinical management, and contraindications for exercise in clinical populations.