Updated to incorporate current findings in this important area of human development. It is a practical text aimed at students studying child development at TAFE or other relevant tertiary courses, those caring for children in a centre, mobile or home-based setting, and those interested in finding out more about this age group. It follows on from Emerging: Child Development in the First Three Years, second edition. The authors have combined their experiences of working, studying and teaching to provide a readable and comprehensive text focusing on the links between theory and practice in this area. The text is divided into chapters covering the main developmental domains: physical, cognitive, social-emotional and language. Specialist background chapters focus on influential theorists and research, inclusion of children with additional needs, the role of play, and curricula implications of theories and research.