Overview1. THE FIRST AMERICAN PEOPLES: MIGRATION, SETTLEMENT, AND ADAPTATION. First Peoples of the Americas. From the Archaic Period to the Dawn of Agriculture. Mesoamerica and Peru. The Agricultural Southwest and the Arid Interior. The Pacific West. The Woodlands. 2. JOINING THE HEMISPHERES: EUROPE, AFRICA, AND THE AMERICAS TO 1585. Europe, the Mediterranean World, and Africa to 1500. Opening up the Ocean World. Spain's Empire in America. Europe in the New World to 1585. 3. EXPERIMENTATION, RESISTANCE, AND PERSISTENCE, 1585'1650. Spain and France in the Borderlands. New Netherland. English Settlement in Virginia. Formation of New England. African Slavery in the Americas. 4. EMPIRES ACROSS THE ATLANTIC WORLD, 1650'1700. English Civil War and Restoration Colonies. Expansion of Imperial Rivalries for Trade and Territory. Transatlantic Slave Trade and Slavery. Colonies in Crisis. 5. COLONIAL SOCIETY AND BONDS OF EMPIRE, 1700'1750. Peoples in Motion. Regional Cultures and Social Change. Colonial Economy in the Atlantic Age. Imperial Rivalries, Territorial Expansion, and Border Warfare. Politics, Religion, and Daily Life. 6. IMPERIAL CONFLICTS AND REVOLUTION, 1750'1783. Seven Years' War, Years of Global Warfare. Imperial Reorganization and Colonial Resistance. From Resistance to Revolution. War for Independence. 7. AMERICAN EXPERIMENTS, 1776'1789. Institutional Experiments with Liberty. Political Experiments in the Politics of Alliance. Postwar Migrations. Power in Crisis. U.S. Constitution. 8. INVENTING REPUBLICS IN THE AGE OF REVOLUTIONS, 1789'1819. The Fragile Republic. Atlantic Revolutions and American Consequences. Membership and Participation in the Republic. Agrarian Republic or Empire of Liberty? Erosion and Expansion of Empires. 9. MARKETS AND DEMOCRACY, 1790-1840. Industry and Labor. Time, Space, and Money. Global Markets and Regional Alliances. Democracy in Practice. Limits of Majority Rule. 10. PERSONAL TRANSFORMATIONS AND PUBLIC REFORMS, 1800'1848. American Communities. Religious Awakenings and Social Experiments. American Cultures. Ideologies of Race and Slavery. Individual Rights and Social Good. 11. A CONTINENTAL NATION, 1815'1853. Pulled and Pushed West. National Destiny. Transcontinental Nation. The World Rushed In. 12. EXPANSION, SLAVERY, AND THE COMING OF THE CIVIL WAR, 1848'1861. Continental Expansion, Conflict, and Compromise. The United States Overseas. Reemergence of the Slavery Controversy. The Politics of Sectionalism. Road to Disunion. 13. THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR, 1861'1865. Beginning of the War, 1861. The Seesaw War, 1862. Turning Points, 1863. War on Two Home Fronts. Union Success, 1864'1865. National and Global Impacts of the War. 14. REUNION AND RETREAT: RECONSTRUCTION, 1865-1877. Wartime Origins of Reconstruction. Postwar Conditions and Conflicting Agendas. Congressional Reconstruction. Reconstruction and Resistance in the South. Abandonment of Reconstruction.