OverviewPreface. 1. WHAT IS RELIGION? Definition of Religion. Religion Versus Science? Religion Versus Other Values. Components of Religion. God or Gods? Religion Versus Government. Sacred Writings. Religious Roles. Scholarly Approaches. 2. TRIBAL RELIGIONS. Earliest Religion. Common Themes in Tribal Religion. Australian Aborigines. Inuits (Eskimo). Native Americans. Africans. Southeast Asians and Melanesians. Polynesians. Ainu. Teutons. Celts. 3. RELIGIONS OF ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS. Religious Themes. Mesopotamia. Egypt. Iran & Zoroastrianism. New World Civilizations. 4. HINDUISM. History. Worldview. Summary: The Hindu Center. 5. JUDAISM. History. Worldview. Summary: The Jewish Center. 6. CHINA AND JAPAN. History of China. The Chinese Worldview. Summary: The Chinese Center. The History of Japan. Japanese Worldview. Summary: The Japanese Center. 7. GREEK AND HELLENISTIC RELIGION. History. Worldview. Summary: The Greek and Hellenistic Center. 8. BUDDHISM. History. Worldview. Summary: The Buddhist Center. 9. CHRISTIANITY. History. Worldview. Summary: The Christian Center. 10. ISLAM. History. Worldview. Summary: The Muslim Center. 11. MODERN TIMES. Worldview. Summary: The Humanistic Center. Responses to Secularism. Unity and Diversity. Annotated Bibliography. Index and Glossary.