This comprehensive and accessible textbook introduces the basic concepts of transport policy and decision-making to students of transport policy, transport planning, urban transport, transport evaluation and public policy. It presents the foundations and rationale of transport policy, incorporating a review of the policy formulation process and models of decision-making appropriate to public sector policy-makers. Topics covered include: * The basics of transport planning and traffic theory deemed necessary to understand policy implications of issues including congestion, safety and parking. * Potential solutions to problems such as road user charges, travel demand management, voluntary travel behaviour change, transport system management and public transport investment. * Prescriptions for technological change. * Discussion of the need for an integrated land transport policy along with a case study to illustrate how this might be developed for a typical metropolitan area.