Justice in Tribunals is a specialist work on the common law and statutory rules governing decisions of administrative tribunals, executive officers, government departments, professional societies, commercial associations, trades unions, sporting bodies, social clubs and political parties, affecting the rights of individuals. It explains the different procedures used to challenge statutory as well as private ("domestic") rulings. Previous editions have been cited with approval by courts in New Zealand and several Australian jurisdictions. This new edition goes well beyond the generalities of "natural justice" to examine numerous examples of the ideal in action. They are arranged according to various stages of decision-making - notice of the charge or claim, urgent action, legal representation, standards of proof, significance of the law of evidence, procedure at the hearing, errors of law or due process, and the articulation of reasons for a decision. A special chapter deals with the conduct of public inquiries, such as Royal Commissions, which do not formally determine rights and duties of individuals.