Justice in Tribunals is a specialist work on the common law and statutory rules governing decisions of administrative tribunals, executive officers, government departments, professional societies, commercial associations, trades unions, sporting bodies, social clubs and political parties, affecting the rights of individuals. It explains the different procedures used to challenge statutory as well as private ("domestic") rulings. Previous editions have been cited with approval by courts in New Zealand and several Australian jurisdictions. This new edition goes well beyond the generalities of "natural justice" to examine numerous examples of that ideal in action. They are arranged according to various stages of decision-making - notice of the charge or claim, urgent action, legal representation, standards of proof, significance of the law of evidence, procedure at the hearing, errors of law or due process, and the articulation of reasons for a decision. A special chapter deals with the conduct of public inquiries, such as Royal Commissions, which do not formally determine rights and duties of individuals. Some judicial citations of Justice in Tribunals (QCAT references omitted) New Zealand: Z v Dental Complaints Assessment Committee  NZSC 55;  1 NZLR 1 Queensland: Gately v Rockhampton Cab Company Limited  QSC 260; Kovacic v Australian Karting Association (Qld) Inc  QSC 344; Carberry v Drice as Rep of Brisbane Junior Rugby Union (An unincorporated Body)  QSC 16; Crime and Misconduct Commission v McLennan & Ors  QSC 23; Crowe v Mercy Health and Aged Care Central Queensland Limited  QSC 384; Lee v Chai  QSC 136; Pine Rivers, Caboolture & Redcliffe Group Training Scheme Inc & Ors v Group Training Assoc Qld & Northern Territory Inc  QSC 31; Della Bon v Abednego  QSC 275; Greenwood v Windsor  QSC 68; Marshall v Averay  QDC 356; Crowe v Mercy Health and Aged Care Central Queensland Limited  QSC 384 Tasmania: Fernando v Medical Complaints Tribunal  TASSC 44; L v Tasmania  TASSC 59; Gordon v Commissioner of State Revenue  TASMC 21 Victoria: Australian Football League & Ors v Carlton Football Club Ltd & Anor  VSC 33; Stewart v Shuey  VSC 114 New South Wales: Rose v Boxing NSW Inc & Anor  NSWSC 20; Connell v NCSC (1989) 14 ACLR 765; Australian National Industries Ltd v Spedley Securities Ltd (in liq) & Ors (1992) 26 NSWLR 411; McGovern & Anor v Ku-ring-gai Council (2008) 72 NSWLR 504 (CA) Chief Commissioner of State Revenue v Kelly  NSWADTAP 12; McGuirk v University of New South Wales  NSWADTAP 66. South Australia: Prescott v Legal Practitioners Disciplinary Tribunal & Ors  SASC 309; James v Medical Board of South Australia & Anor (2006) 95 SASR 445; Kerin v Legal Practitioners Complaints Committee (1996) 67 SASR 149. Western Australia: Rush v WA Amateur Football League (Inc)  WASC 206; De Santis and Smith  WASAT 204; Hathaway v WA Locomotive Engine Drivers', Firemen's and Cleaners' Union of Workers & Ors  WAIR Comm 97; Singh v Dhaliwalz Pty Ltd  WAIR Comm 13. Federal Court: Minister for Immigration and Citizenship v MZXPA (2008) 100 ALD 312; Kutlu v Director of Professional Services Review & Ors (2011) 280 ALR 428; SZRHL v Minister for Immigration and Citizenship (now Minister for Immigration and Border Protection)  FCA 1093; Singh v Minister for Immigration and Citizenship  FMCA 1073; SZQFD v Minister for Immigration and Citizenship  FMCA 598; Walworth v Merit Protection Commissioner & Anor (No 1) (2007) 94 ALD 771; Dinnan v Health Insurance Commission  FCA 1615; Pradhan v Holmes (2001) 125 FCR 280 Australian Capital Territory: Omari v Omari  ACTSC 28; Love v Disputes Committee Tribunal of AFL Canberra Ltd  ACTSC 135.