This groundbreaking text focuses on the important and growing role of occupational therapy in the assessment and treatment of individuals with psychiatric conditions and those whose life circumstances generate significant challenges to their mental health and well-being. The authors build on a foundation of theoretically informed, evidence-based, and person-centered practices to define the therapist's role as an integral member of the health-care team. This is the major occupational therapy text to incorporate a recovery-oriented perspective as both a philosophy and guideline for assessment and intervention. It organizes its content on the Person-Environment-Occupation (PEO) model, which promotes full participation in the everyday lives of individuals with mental illness and those struggling with psychosocial issues related to their disabilities. It uses Evidence-Based Practice boxes to provide a synthesis of major research in the area and implications for practice. It emphasizes The Lived Experience of mental illness and recovery, recognizing the whole person and his or her state of physical, emotional, spiritual, and mental health, while also addressing co-occurring conditions such as depression, stroke, substance abuse, spinal cord injury, attention deficit disorder, and learning disabilities. It features a personal narrative in each chapter to reinforce a first-person, client-centered approach that illustrates the confluence of the person, environment, and occupational construct from various perspectives. It structures each diagnostic chapter to include a description of the condition(s) DSM-IV box(es) of diagnostic criteria current thinking about etiology, genetic factors, and prevalence course of the disorder gender and culture-specific information impact of the disorder on occupational performance evaluation medications occupational therapy interventions. It offers the multi-disciplinary expertise of contributors who address the breadth and complexity of mental health practice.