Overview1. The Need for Water in Ancient Societies. 2. The Ideal and the Reality of Classical Athens. 3. Health and Disease in the Greek World. 4. The Achievements of Augustus. 5. Invading Barbarians. 6. The Development of the Medieval State. 7. Life at a Medieval University. 8. Infidels and Heretics: Crusades of the High Middle Ages. 9. Social and Economic Conflicts in the Late Medieval Cloth Trade. 10. The Renaissance Man and Woman. 11. Pagans, Muslims, and Christians in the Mental World of Columbus. 12. The Spread of the Reformation. 13. Royal Power and Overseas Expansion, 1450'1540.