The last 25 years have witnessed major changes in civil procedure in Australia. Some changes, such as case management, have been revolutionary, resulting in a fundamental shift in the way in which the civil justice system works. Other changes have focused on improving the efficacy of the various procedural tools available to parties in the litigation process. This edition has been updated to include significant developments the previous edition along with completely new chapters on trials. It serves a growing interest in the workings of the civil justice system by providing a better understanding of how civil litigation works today. It helps better understand the functions of procedural tools and it suggests possible directions for the future.