Using a variety of methodological approaches and research techniques in education, this book sets out to provide students with the theoretical understandings, practical knowledge and skills which they need to carry out independent research. The editors bring together an array of international contributors, all of whom identify key research methodologies, data collection tools and analysis methods, and focus on the direct comparisons between them. Written in an accessible and jargon-free style, each chapter sets out the strengths and weaknesses of a key research method by: -identifying specific research designs; -presenting a series of relevant data collection tools; -highlighting the various analytical methods which can be used. The chapters cover the full range of methods and methodologies, including internet research, mixed methods research and the various modes of ethnographic research. Online materials include tips on how to use the book, and links to useful websites, societies and research organizations. This is a key book for M-level students and other post-graduates within Education and Educational Research Methods courses. James Arthur is Head of School and Professor of Education and Civic Engagement at the University of Birmingham, UK. Michael J. Waring is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Sport, Exercise and Human Sciences at Loughborough University, UK. Robert Coe is Professor in the School of Education and Director of the Centre for Evaluation and Monitoring (CEM), Durham University, UK. Larry V. Hedges (PhD) is Board of Trustees Professor of Statistics and Social Policy, at the Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University, US.