Overview1. SUSTAINABILITY, ENGINEERING, AND DESIGN. Introduction. Human Development Index. Sustainable Development and Social Ethics. Sustainable International Development and Essential Needs for the Poor. Engineering and Developing Communities. Definitions of Sustainability. Population and Consumption. Technical Approaches to Quantifying Sustainability. The Difficulty of Environmental Valuation. Summary. 2. ANALYZING SUSTAINABILTY USING ENGINEERING SCIENCE. Introduction. Elemental Analysis. Solubility and Henry's Law Constant. The Ideal Gas Law. Chemistry of Natural Systems. Equilibrium Models for Estimating Environmental Impacts. Environmental Fate and Partitioning of Chemicals. Summary. 3. BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES. Introduction. Biogeochemical Cycles. The Hydrologic Cycle. Water Repositories. Pathways of Water Flow. Precipitation. Watersheds and Runoff. Water Budget. Mass Balance and System Boundaries. Summary. 4. WATER QUALITY IMPACTS. Introduction. The Water Crisis. Water Quality Parameters. Modeling the Impacts of Water Pollutants. Water Treatment Technologies. Summary. 5. IMPACTS ON AIR QUALITY. Introduction. Health Effects of Air Pollutants. Estimating Emissions of Air Pollutants. Dispersion of Air Pollutants. Global Impacts of Air Pollutants. Summary. 6. THE CARBON CYCLE AND ENERGY BALANCES. Introduction. Climate Science History. Carbon Sources and Emissions. The Carbon Cycle, Carbon Flow Pathways and Repositories. Global Energy Balance. Surface Temperature Model. Greenhouse Gases and Effects. Climate Change Projections and Impacts. Carbon Dioxide Mitigation, Capture, and Sequestration. Summary. 7. MODELS FOR ENGINEERING SUSTAINABLE DESIGN. Introduction. What Do We Mean by Sustainability? The Nature of Natural Resources. Footprint Indicators of Sustainability. Mass Balance and the Footprint Concept. Waste Management and Material Life Cycles. Ecological Design. Sustainable and Green Engineering. Summary. 8. ENERGY CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT. Introduction. Energy and Society. Energy and the Environment. Direct and Embodied Energy. Opportunities for Energy Sustainability. Appropriate Technology, Scale, and Distributed Energy. Energy Policy. The Water-Energy Nexus. Summary. 9. INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY. Introduction. The IPAT Equation. Resource Allocation. Technology, Emissions and Impacts. Risk Assessment and Analysis. Industrial Metabolism. Eco-Industrial Parks. Summary. 10. LIFE CYCLE ANAYLSIS. Introduction. Life Cycle Thinking. Life Cycle Assessment Framework. Materials Flow Analysis. Embodied Water. Embodied Energy. Impact Assessment. Summary. 11. SUSTAINABILITY AND THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT. Introduction. Land Use and Land Cover Change. Land Use Planning and its Role in Sustainable Development. Environmentally Sensitive Design. Green Building. Energy Use and Buildings. Summary. 12. CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR SUSTAINABILTY IN PRACTICE. Introduction. The Diffusion and Adoption of Innovations. The Economics of Sustainability. The Role of Government. Social Justice and Sustainability in Wealthy Countries. Summary. GENERAL INDEX. APPENDIX A: CONVERSION FACTORS. APPENDIX B: PROPERTIES OF THE EARTH, AIR, AND WATER. APPENDIX C: SUSTAINABILTY INDICATORS. APPENDIX D: CARBON SOURCES AND EQUIVALENCE. APPENDIX E: WATER FOOTPRINTS OF PRODUCTS. APPENDIX F: RISK ASSESSMENT. APPENDIX G: WATER CONSERVATION. REFERENCES. GLOSSARY. LIST OF TABLES. LIST OF FIGURES.