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15.) Romeo is grandiose in his thinking, incoherent in his speech, and so hyperactive he has hardly sat down in the past week. DeJuan is overactive and elated, starting projects but not completing them. However, he shows neither delusions nor incoherence in his speech. According to the DSM-5, ____

a.

Romeo illustrates the hypomanic state, and DeJuan the manic state.

b.

Romeo and DeJuan both illustrate the manic state.

c.

Romeo and DeJuan both illustrate the hypomanic state.

d.

Romeo illustrates the manic state, and DeJuan the hypomanic state.

     16.) Based on cross-cultural research, which individual has the lowest risk of developing depression?

a.

Sam, a middle-aged white man

b.

Monica, a 25-year-old Native American

c.

Juan, a 20-year-old Hispanic college student

d.

Sharon, a 45-year-old white divorcee

     17.) Which disorder would most likely include psychotic features?

a.

cyclothymic disorder      b.   bipolar I disorder      c.    bipolar II disorder      d.    dysthymic disorder   

     18.) Greta's psychiatrist advises her to buy bright lights, which are to be turned on in the early morning hours of winter days to reduce her problem with depression. We can guess that Greta's problem is ____.

a.

dysthymia due to a medical condition

c.

postpartum onset

b.

seasonal depression

d.

rapid-cycling bipolar disorder

19.) Which treatment involves creating routines in day-to-day life and has been effective in reducing relapse of bipolar disorder?

a.

social rhythm therapy

c.

family-focused therapy

b.

psychoeducation

d.

cognitive-behavioral therapy

     20.) A person who believes that his or her behavior has little effect on the environment and who becomes passive and depressed illustrates which perspective on depression?

a.

Beck's low self-esteem

c.

Seligman’s learned helplessness

b.

Lewinsohn's operant

d.

Freud's psychodynamic

     21) Which treatment is considered by many clinicians to be an effective for treating profound depression but remains controversial among the general public?

a.

ECT              b.     CBT

c.

MAOIs              d.    RET

    22.) Depressed behavior is related to ____.

a.

low levels of serotonin

c.

high levels of estradiol

b.

high levels of serotonin

d.

low levels of estradiol

     23.) Jeannie, a 36-year-old woman, sees a psychiatrist while suffering from an initial episode of unipolar depression. Which biological treatment is her psychiatrist most likely to prescribe?

a.

electroconvulsive therapy

c.

SSRIs

b.

amphetamines

d.

MAOIs

    24.) Mel's therapist helps him create routines for his daily life, such as setting daily times for sleeping, eating, and exercising. This form of therapy for bipolar disorder is called ____.

a.

psychoeducation

c.

cognitive behavioral therapy

b.

social rhythm therapy

d.

interpersonal therapy

     25.) An insurance company is interested in the most effective treatment for acute depression. Based on recent research, what is the best advice that one could give to the company?

a.

"Medication, interpersonal psychotherapy, and cognitive-behavioral treatments are all equally effective."

b.

"Interpersonal psychotherapy is far more effective than either medication or cognitive-behavioral therapy."

c.

"Belief in treatment is enough—even placebo pills are as effective as psychotherapy or medication."

d.

"Only antidepressant medication is effective."

     26.) Suicide should be discussed separately from depression because ____.

a.

there is little correlation between depression and suicide

b.

the cause of suicide is biological, while the cause of depression is environmental

c.

there are many causes of suicide, and it may represent a separate clinical entity

d.

suicide is more related to schizophrenia than to depression

     27.) Research on college student suicide indicates that ____.

a.

more than 50% of college students report suicidal thoughts

b.

money problems is the most common contributing factor

c.

there are almost no resources available for suicidal college students

d.

almost all students who die by suicide seek help before skilling themselves

     28.) ____are more likely to attempt suicide; ____are more likely to succeed at committing suicide.

a.

White adolescents; Native American adolescents

b.

Females; males

c.

White males over 40; African American males in their 20s

d.

Unattached individuals; married persons

     29.) Statistically, who is at greatest risk for committing suicide?

a.

Bobby, a 14-year-old African American male

b.

Star, a 35-year-old Native American female

c.

Stuart, a 65-year-old white male

d.

Sue, a 30-year-old Japanese American female

    30. ) Which statement is accurate?

a.

It is rare for people to communicate their intention to commit suicide.

b.

Suicide rates are generally at their highest during times of war.

c.

In the United States, Asian Americans have the highest overall rates of suicide.

d.

Most people who attempt suicide are ambivalent about dying.

     31. ) The stimulus for suicide is generally ____.

a.

frustration with life

c.

ambivalence about living

b.

intolerable psychological pain

d.

a desire to be remembered by others

     32.) Based on research, which teenager is at greatest risk for completing a suicide?

a.

Sandy, whose parents are both employed

b.

Sam, who is the family scapegoat

c.

Sarah, who shows little hostility

d.

Steve, who shows no signs of impairment

     33. ) John calls a suicide prevention hot line in a desperate state of helplessness. A well-trained worker should focus John's attention on ____.

a.

research evidence that helplessness is a product of operant conditioning

b.

the fact that helplessness is a normal reaction to an absurd world

c.

specific interpersonal limitations related to his helplessness

d.

his strengths and resources to cope with his problems

     34.) Which statement about research on suicide prevention contracts is accurate?

a.

There is a lack of research supporting their effectiveness.

b.

Almost every study has shown these contracts save lives.

c.

These contracts increase risk of nonsuicidal self-harm.

d.

These contracts seem to increase risk of suicide.

35. ) Risk factors for suicide include ____.

   a. experiencing a violent crime    b.    failing a class       c.   recent severe loss       d.   adopting a gothic lifestyle

36. ) Self-harm that is intended to provide relief from negative feelings is referred to as ____.

     a. a suicide attempt

     b. nonsuicidal self-injury

     c. a cry for help

     d. attention-seeking behavior

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