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1x short answer question, 50-100words (reading excerpts provided). 
The answer needs to be in a paragraph structure (no dot points) and
not be a copy-paste of the reading excerpts. 

Thanks in advance! 

1. According to Chung, what were some of the core elements of Chu Hsi’s teachings and what circumstances influenced his thought?

 

Chu Hsi's system
of thought. This was a system of thought which arose in response to the need
to unify China ideologically under Confucianism, the only right teaching for
the civilized world. Chu Hsi reasserted Confucianism as the superior, Chinese
doctrine and the only Way of truth over against alien Buddhism and uncivilized
Taoism.
Chu Hsi reasserted Confucianism as the superior, Chinese
doctrine and the only Way of truth over against alien Buddhism and uncivilized
Taoism.
Chu Hsi's thought had emerged in the historical context of the desperate attempts of the Sung to fight for survival in the face of the encroaching forces of the Chin and the Mongols. To defend the remaining territory from
the Chin and to drive out the enemy from his own land, Chu Hsi advocated
that his country should not make peace with the invaders but fight it out.
He pointed out
that the defense of the nation from the intrusion of the barbarians could only be possible with the reforms of the internal conditions of the country. Besides advocating some practical political means for the consolidation of the internal rule, he more importantly emphasized the problems of self-cultivation of the monarch and of the ruling elites to control their selfish
desires. He urged them to help establish higher moral principles and discipline
for the people through moral exemplification and virtuous rule.
In a polity
oriented to monarchy the moral bonds of status order and duties (taefui
myongbunz)
that govern the relations between ruler and subject, father and son,
and so on were fundamental to the survival of the system; and Chu Hsi provided
the metaphysical foundation to the moral system upon which was based the
whole social order.
It is to be remembered that what was of utmost concern
to Chu Hsi was one's moral duty to the Principle of Heaven, for the legitimacy
of monarchical authority and the state were justifiable only in terms of this moral principle.4

 

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