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Attributable risk percent (AR%): Reflects the portion of cases attributable (and avoidable) to the exposure and that can be reduced if the exposure was not present. Also called Etiologic Fraction. Population Attributable risk percent(PAR%) Reflects the portion of cases attributable (and avoidable) to the exposure in a population and that can be reduced if the exposure was not present. Also called Population Attributable Fraction. Includes two components-proportion of population exposed (b) and the relative risk (RR) IR Exposed- IR Not Expo RR-1 x 100 x 100 Calculoting ARK: Two ways. IR Numerator amount of risk avoided without the exposure. Numerator divided by denominator: Fraction of the proportional risk reduction. Fraction x100: Percent risk reduction in the sample studied in they did not have the exposure. Exposed or Eaposed Calculating PAR%. x 100 1+b sposed (RR tsposed 1) Numerator amount of risk avoided (RR-1) in the people with the outcome (b upond) were not exposed Numerator divided by denominator fraction of proportional risk reduction in the exposed population. Eraction x100: Percent risk reduction in the entire population if they did not have the exposure Compute the AR% and PAR%. The exposure physical inactivity is associated causally with the five outcomes listed below. Use the data in the table to answer the questions below the table. 11-15. Insert the percentages in the table above. point each for total of 5 points) CHD Type 2 Breast ColonAll-Cause diabetes Cancer Cancer Mortality Prevalence of Inactivity (bpo Incidence of outcome in exposed people 3.00 2.77 Incidence of outcome in unexposed people 2.25 1.70 2.304301.33 Relative Risk of outcome in exposed people 1.34163 Attributable Risk % Population Attributable Risk % 35.2% | 35.2% | 35.2% 38.8% 35.2% 3.10 5.93 1.96 1.35 1.38 1.47
Show your work for calculations used to compute CHD in the space below. Provide an interpretation of what the value means 16 Calculation (1 point) 17 Interpretation (1 point): ARS PARS (make sure you divide the prevalence by 100 for use in the equation) 18 Calculation: ( POINT 19 Interpretation (1 point) Which disease has the greatest reduction in prevalence if inactive people became more active? (1 point) 20.
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