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D. LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE Answer the following questions 1. In what direction do the parallels of latitude run? 2. In what direction do the meridians of longitude run? 3. What is the difference berween a small circle and a great circle 4. How many of the parallels of latitude are great cirdes 5. How many of the meridians of longitude are great circles? 6. Which measures distance cast or west of the prime meridian, latitude or longitude 7. How many minutes of latitude are in one degree? 8. How many seconds of longitude are in one degree? 9. How many degrees of latitude lie between 17° N and 32 S 10. How many degrees of longitude lie between 168 E and 17 we (shortest distance) Name the city or other geographic feature found at the following locations Latitude 1.37 45 N 122 26 W Longitude City or feature 2. 25° 23S 131° 05E 3. 90° 00 S 0 00 4. 77 19 N 101° 49 w 5. 45° 57N 7 36E 6. 379 56 N 121° 16 W 7. 14° 16S 170 42 W 8. 32° 38S 70 00 W 9. 47° 56N 107° 00 E 10. 5° 20 S 55° 10 E
Solve the following problems using the same method 1. If a penon linc of vision is at the top of a building 121 feet high, how far out to ses could a person see with a good telescope? 2. The lighe in a lighthouse is 144 feet above sea level. How far does the light extend before it dips below sea level? 3. If the lookout at the top of a ships mast is 100 feet above the water level, and the ship is 15 miles from shore, is it possible to see someone sitting on the shore What if the ship were 10 miles from shore? Show your calculations 4. If a ships lookout is 64 feet above the sca, and another ships lag is 36 feet above sea level, and the ships are 20 miles apart is the flag visible? What if the ships are 15 miles apart? Again show all calculations. 5. At the top of a building 400 feet high, could a powerful telescope see a ships flag 49 feet above sea level if the two yantage points were 40 miles apart At what distance would the flag just be visible on the horizon? 6. If an airplane is 10,000 feet above sea level, how far does the theoretical line of sight extend before an object would dip below the horizon? 10
K is the distance in kilometers, and h is the using the metric measurements Using metric units, the principle remains the same, but the Using metric units, the princie ehr ight in meters. Now answer the following qustions formula changes: K-38 h, where Now answer dhe 7. If an observer is on a tower 14 4 meters high, how many kilometers out to sea, could a surfer be observed, using a powerful telescope? 8. If a ship has a lookout at 36 meters above sea level, and a lighthouse on shore is 25 meters above sea level would the ship be able to sce the lighthouse from a distance of 35 kilome- ters? (Show working) 9. On a tall building 100 meters above sea level, how far away could an object be seen before the curvature of the earth gets in the way? 10. A man in a small sail boat stands up and is 4 meters above sea level. The flag at the top of flag be seen by the man in the first boat? At what distance would the sail no longer be vis ible because of the curvature of the earth? another boat is 9 meters above sea level. If the two boats are 16 kilometers apart, can the
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