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Science · Earth sciences
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se 4: Phases of the Moon Everyone has seen the Moon, which is a natural satellite that orbits the Earth. As the Moon rotates around the Earth it is exposed to various amounts of light from the Sun. The reason for this is simple, the Moon at night because it is reflecting light produced by the Sun and because the Earth is slightly out of the direct line of sight between the Moon and Sun. If it were not, a lunar eclipse would occur. Essentially half of the Moon is illuminated by the Sun, but because of its rotation around the Earth we do not all witness the full illumination. The Moon also rotates around its axis, but it does so very slowly and thus one side is always facing the Earth. It takes the Moon time it takes to make one complete orbit around the Earth. However, because the Earth is also moving during that time period, it actually takes 29.3 days for it to arrive at the same position again. This is also one complete cycle of lunar phases. The lunar phases represent the amount of sunlight that the Moon receives or reflects relative to its position or orbit around the Earth. Lunar is required that the Moon receives full light from the Sun. For this to occur, the Moon must be directly opposite the Sun, with the Earth slightly out of the direct line of sight. Therefore, the full Moon rises in the east around sunset, reaches the halfway point in its orbit in the ecliptic around midnight, and sets around sunrise. The image below shows the Moon rises and sets in these phases. lunar phases and the time the FIRST QUARTER Rises 12 pm Sets 12 am WAXING Rises 3 pm Sets 3 am Rises 9 am Sets 9 pm WAXING GIBBOUS NEW FULL Sets 6 pm Rises 6 pm Sets 6 am WANING Rises 9 pm Sets 9 am WANING THIRD QUARTER Rises 3 am Sets 3 pm GIBBOUS Rises 12 anm Sets 12 pm 0 MoonConnection.com.All Rights Reserved Page-5
If the Moon is full, approximately what time of day does the Sun set and the Moon rise in the sky? B. Where is the Moon with respect to the position of the Sun and Earth when it is in the New Moon phase. Be specific (if necessary, draw them)? C. A Quarter Moon phase is always how many degrees of a cirele away from the Sun when it rises in the eastern sky (e.g, is it 180°, 45 etc)? D. Please define the term of lunar eclipse and solar eclipse. And draw them. Page-6
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