The material world of European settlement in Australia has been uncovered not only by historians but also by the work of archaeologists. These archaeological inquiries have revealed new pictures of the public and private lives of Australians at home and at work. This book, previously published as a hardback under the title Of the Hut I Builded,now in paperback, presents the insights gained from such investigations and makes them available to a wide audience. Historical archaeology is broad ranging and this book discusses the first European towns, including those settlements that failed, the archaeological traces left by the convicts, and archaeological evidence of the agricultural, maritime, industrial, and manufacturing activities of early Australia. Graham Connah also examines the evidence of earliest contact between Europeans and Aboriginal people.