The End of the Roman Republic 146 to 44 BC: Conquest and Crisis
Edinburgh University Press
1 Jan 2013
This title deals with a crucial and turbulent century for the Roman Republic. By 146, Rome had established itself as the leading Mediterranean power. Over the next century, it consolidated its power into an immense territorial empire. At the same time, the internal balance of power shifted dramatically, as a narrow ruling elite was challenged first by the rest of Italy, and then by military commanders, a process which culminated in the civil war between Pompeii and Caesar and the re-establishment of monarchy. Catherine Steel tells the history of this crucial and turbulent century, focussing on the issues of freedom, honour, power, greed and ambition, and the cherished but abused institutions of the Republic which were central to events then and which have preoccupied historians ever since. It traces the processes of change which transformed Rome from a republic to a monarchy. It explores a period of political crisis in relation to its military and cultural dynamism. It analyses the political culture of the Roman Republic as a dynamic and evolving system which reflected changes in citizenship and in the ruling elite. It is suitable for undergraduates, postgraduates and academics working on the history of Rome and the Roman Republic.