Theory and Practice is one of Habermas's major works and is
widely recognized as a classic in contemporary and social and
Through a series of highly original historical studies, Habermas
re-examines the relations between philosophy, science and politics.
Beginning with the classical doctrine of politics as developed by
Aristotle, he traces the changing constellation of theory and
practice through the work of Machiavelli, More, Hobbes, Hegel and
Marx. He argues that, with the development of the modern sciences,
politics has become increasingly regarded as a technical discipline
concerned with problems of prediction and control. Politics has
thus lost its link with the practical cultivation of character,
that is, with the praxis of enlightened citizens.
Theory and Practices includes a major re-assessment of
Marx's work and of the status of Marxism as a form of critique. In
an important concluding chapter Habermas examines the role of
reason and the prospects for critical theory in our modern